American-Indian Heritage

From majestic mounds to authentic villages, the traditional homelands of the Natchez, Choctaw, Chickasaw and their ancestors, the Trace is abundant with American-Indian history, awaiting your exploration.

Emerald Mound
Emerald Mound
  • Get a close-up view in Natchez at the Grand Village of the Natchez Indians. The site includes a mound area, a museum, a reconstructed Natchez Indian house, nature trails and a picnic pavilion.
  • Emerald Mound (mile marker 10.3) was built and used by the Natchez and their ancestors between 1200 and 1730.
  • See where Choctaw chief Pushmataha signed the Treaty of Doak’s Stand with President Andrew Jackson, ceding 5.5 million acres of Choctaw land to the United States (sign at mile marker 128.4).
  • Bynum Mounds are located 33 miles south of the Tupelo Visitor Center and Parkway Headquarters and are between 1,800 and 2,100 years old. 
  • Near Tupelo, the exhibits of the Chickasaw Village describe the tribe’s history and daily life, with a nature trail featuring plants the tribe used. 
  • Pharr Mounds are made up of eight mounds on 90 acres near Tishomingo County.
  • Bear Creek Mound (mile marker 308.8) built between 1200 and 1400 AD, is located about 20 miles north of Pharr Mounds. Florence Mound is the largest of its kind in the Tennessee Valley, located near the bank of the Tennessee River. A nearby museum features artifacts from the region dating back 10,000 years.